Talking about menstruation with elders can sometimes be very difficult and embarrassing for girls experiencing through first menstruation cycle. This is why this article has been exclusively written for all those girls and women who are eager to know everything about menstruation and How Long Does a Period Last, In this article, you will read:
- Introduction of period/menstruation
- What is the menstrual cycle?
- What happens during the menstrual cycle?
- Problems that come with periods
- Age of the first period
- How Long Does a Period Last?
- When should you see your doctor?
What is menstruation?
It is a natural process for every adult woman to bleed every month. When women menstruate, the body releases uterus’s lining. First, they experience heavy blood flow then light flow. The fluid includes blood and uterine lining tissue. The fluid is released through the vagina after it passes through a little opening in the cervix. The heavy blood flow lasts for two to three days, and light flow lasts for two to four days.
What is the menstrual cycle?
The regular occurrence of periods is called the menstrual cycle. Every woman should experience regular menstrual cycles because it is an indication that the body is functioning in a perfectly normal way. It forms essential body chemicals, known as hormones, which makes your body healthy. It makes your body ready for future pregnancy. A menstrual cycle starts from the very 1st day of one period to the 1st day of the subsequent period. A menstrual cycle is a 28 days episode. Some teen girls can experience a cycle from 21 to 45 days and women can experience from 21 to 35 days.
What happens during the menstrual cycle?
In the initial phase of the cycle, estrogen levels begin to increase. Estrogen is an important factor in making the human body healthy by strengthening bones. It also helps the lining of the uterus (womb) to breed and condenser which then nurtures the embryo in the case of pregnancy. In the meantime, ovum or egg begins to grow in one of the ovaries. The egg departs from the ovary at 14th day. Once it leaves, it reaches uterus by passing through the fallopian tube. The level of hormones increases and makes the lining of uterine ready for pregnancy. Remember, females who experience cycles less or more than normal time can ovulate before or after the fourteenth day.
What types of issues do women face during periods?
Other than heavy bleeding and pain, women can face some abnormalities and issues during periods. These are:
The absence of the menstrual period is known as Amenorrhea. Following are the forms of Amenorrhea:
- Females who do not experience periods for 90 days or more.
- Teen girls whose periods do not begin until age 15.
The following can be the causes:
o Severe medical conditions
o Too much exercising
o Eating disorders
o acute weight loss
Sometimes women may not experience periods which is an indication that ovaries are no more producing estrogen. As a result, there will be adverse effects on health. Hormonal problems can take place. Consult with your doctor immediately.
Dysmenorrhea is a term used when women suffer excruciating periods with extreme cramps. When too much development of a chemical known as prostaglandin takes place, teens face menstrual cramps. Sometimes girls with dysmenorrhea do not face extreme health condition though pain can be extreme. Mature women feel pain because of endometriosis or uterine fibroids (both of them are diseases).
A warm bath and use of heat pads can be useful for alleviating pain. Some painkillers that can be helpful are Naproxen (Aleve), Ketoprofen (Orudis KT) and Ibuprofen (Midol Cramp, Motrin, and Advil). Consult your doctor instantly if you do not get relief from these medicines.
Abnormal uterine bleeding
When women bleed in an abnormal way during periods, it is called abnormal uterine bleeding. Abnormal bleeding can be:
- Bleeding after menopause
- Heavy Bleeding
- Long duration of bleeding (for many days)
- Spotting anytime in the menstrual cycle
- Bleeding after sex
- Bleeding between periods
Abnormal bleeding may have many reasons. Your physician can begin by checking for issues that can be expected in your age group. Few are difficult to treat, and few can be cured quickly. Sometimes it depends on the cause. Alteration in hormones may be the reason for long periods.
What is the Age of First Period?
The average age of American girls for having the 1st period is 12. This age is not necessary for all girls. Girls may experience periods from the age of eight to fifteen. Usually, the 1st period begins two years after the formation of breasts. If a girl does not experience periods after two to three years of breast formation, or she is above 15 then a doctor should be consulted.
How Long Does a Period Last?
The duration of the 1st period is from 2 to 7 days. Then, a gap of 21 to 40 days or more can be created before experiencing the second one. The second period can be lighter or heavier than the previous one. If there is no set routine of cycles, then don’t panic, it is normal.
You will experience more regular periods within 2 years after your menstruation begins. Menstruation cycles may vary from girl to girl. Some may experience a 30 plus day cycle, some 24 days cycle and others may 28 days cycle. 21-45 days can be the cycle duration of young teens. It may be 21 to 35 days for adult women. Consult your doctor, if your cycle duration does not lie between these ranges. How long does a period last for a 12 year old? It lasts for 4 to 5 days. How long does a period last on birth control pill? It may last for 5-7 days. How long does your first period last? It may last from 2 to seven days.
When women are sick or tense, there is a possibility of missing a month. But you should always consult your doctor on missing periods particularly if you are having sex with a partner in this duration. It can be a case of pregnancy. Women should mark dates on calendars as soon as menstrual become regular. It will help you to remember to have pads or tampons.
When should you see your doctor?
Consult your doctor if you:
- Unexpectedly get a fever and feel ill after using tampons.
- Are suffering from pain during your period.
- Are bleeding during periods.
- are having heavy bleeding.
- Are bleeding for more than one week.
- Experience period more often than every twenty-one days or less often than every thirty-five days.
- Are experiencing extremely irregular periods.
- Do not experience period for more than ninety days.
- are not having menstruation within three years after breast development started, or if you do not have breasts development by age 13.
How long does a period last is dependent on health, genes, and the environment in which girl is brought up. It changes from person to person.